方舟子在1997年抄袭中国社会科学院学部委员张显清


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送交者: Yi Ming 于 2021-11-13 00:44:42

方舟子在1997年抄袭中国社会科学院学部委员张显清

Fang Zhouzi Plagiarized CASS Academician Zhang Xianqing in 1997


亦明

【摘要】

1997年年底,方舟子开始在自己掌控的《新语丝》月刊分两期连载《严嵩的末日》一文,该文后来又被方舟子在纸媒体上发表了至少五次。现已查明,除了少量文字抄自朱东润的《张居正大传》之外,这篇文章的其余部分抄自黄山书社1992年出版的《严嵩传》,该书的作者是中国明史专家吴晗的关门弟子、中国社会科学院研究员、学术委员、学部委员张显清先生。而在那之前几年,方舟子曾多次抄袭吴晗的《朱元璋传》。简言之,《严嵩的末日》全文总共五千四百余字,其中明引、暗引史料四十余条,这些引文全都与《严嵩传》中的引文,包括其中的错误,完全相同——除了少数方舟子刻意制造、用来掩盖抄袭痕迹的“细微差别”。而按照方舟子自己的说法,引文错误是美国法庭在认定抄袭剽窃案时使用的“铁证”。方舟子在《严嵩的末日》中制造了15条抄袭铁证。这是迄今为止已经证明的方舟子犯下的第123桩抄袭案,他也因此成为人类历史上唯一犯下“通剽师生罪”的剽窃犯。不仅如此,在炮制《严嵩的末日》一文时,方舟子还使用了他后来用于“假打假”的诸多招术。

【Summary】

Before becoming the notorious “fraud fighter,” Fang Zhouzi was actually a reckless and ruthless fraudster, pretending to be a poet at first and then, after the collapse of the market value of poets, a historian of the Ming Dynasty, mainly by stealing other people’s work. The fact is, in 1997 alone, Fang plagiarized at least 3 times: The Stories about Zhang Juzheng was based on The Biography of the Wanli Emperor by Fan Shuzhi, a history professor at Fudan University; The Stories about Hai Rui was based on The Biography of Hai Rui by Jiang Xingyu, a well-known historian based in Shanghai. This paper demonstrates that Fang’s The Final Days of Yan Song, published in two instalments by Fang in his electronic magazine, the New Threads Monthly, in 1997 and 1998, was based almost entirely on The Biography of Yan Song, a book published in 1992 and written by Mr. Zhang Xianqing, a prominent scholar affiliated with Chinese Academy of Social Sciences. The core of the evidence for Fang’s plagiarism is that the 40+ quotations in his article are essentially identical to what appeared in Zhang’s book, and many of them contain technical errors and factual mistakes, which constitutes the iron-clad evidence for plagiarism in an American court, according to “fraud fighter” Fang when he fights against other people. Ironically, in 1993 and 1994, Fang had repeatedly plagiarized The Biography of Zhu Yuanzhang, a book by Mr. Wu Han, an authority in the history of Ming Dynasty and Zhang Xianqing’s graduate adviser back in the 1960s. This is the 123rd identified case of plagiarism committed by Fang Zhouzi, who is also arguably the only plagiarist in the world who has stolen from a pair of professor and his student. This paper also shows that in The Final Days of Yan Song, Fang employed several of the fraudulent tactics which would be used later by him in his so called “fraud busting” practice.


Web: https://bbs.creaders.net/education/bbsviewer.php?trd_id=1570665

PDF: https://drive.google.com/file/d/14ldS9-SJRjVGvZM7X3f8N_8uk4AvIa4S/view?usp=sharing



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